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What is the Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia is a condition characterized by chronic, widespread pain and tenderness in several areas of the body continuously for at least three months. It is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain along with stiffness, fatigue, sleep disturbance, cognitive difficulties and mood changes such as anxiety or depression.
Currently, the exact etiology of fibromyalgia is not enough studied. It is thought to be a so-called neurosensory disorder. In other words, patients suffering from fibromyalgia may have a lower threshold for pain due to increased pain-sensitivity signals in the brain. Women are more likely to develop fibromyalgia than men because it is considered that female hormones play a role in a feeling of pain. Current studies suggest that various forms of stress-related disorders cause dysregulation in the stress response system contributing to fibromyalgia.
Fibromyalgia causes an arising of multiple tender points on the body. These points are painful when pressure is applied and occur above and below the waist as well as along the axial spine. Also, fibromyalgia can be presented as constant aches arising within muscles. People with fibromyalgia often have some premorbid background including different chronic disorders such as depression, anxiety, irritable bowel syndrome, thyroid dysfunction. As there is no exact explanation for what actually causes the fibromyalgia, this condition is still a “diagnosis of exclusion”. In other words, it is important to rule out other disorders that could also cause these symptoms.
Currently, there is no cure for fibromyalgia. However, a multi-disciplinary treatment approach including consultation with pain-specialist can achieve significant improvement and decrease pain. The general things as aerobic activity, health nutrition, sleep therapy, stress management and an overall healthy lifestyle could be enough for pain relief. Besides, psychological and behavioral therapies may be also helpful.
Concerning applying of pain-killers or other medications, it is necessary to consult with a physician specialized in fibromyalgia. Learn more about Fibromyalgia »